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Offshore wind farms of the future

Posted by: Chloe Jordan
25/09/20

Since 1991 when the first offshore wind turbine was installed off the coast of Denmark, wind power has come a long way.

At present, the largest markets in offshore wind development are the UK, Germany, China, Denmark and Belgium, representing nearly 93% of the installed offshore wind capacity.

The UK is the global leader in offshore wind with a staggering 34% of the world’s capacity off its coastline. It’s also home to the world’s largest wind farm, Hornsea One, located off the Yorkshire coast. Hornsea One spans a huge area of approximately 407 square kilometres, producing enough energy to power well over one million homes.

The importance of developing greener energy solutions has increased since that first installation in 1991, and even features prominently on political agendas. Just look at Joe Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign and the part that climate change is playing in the battle between him and Trump. In July, Biden launched his Climate Plan, a $2 trillion proposal described by journalists as ‘the most ambitious climate agenda ever put forward’.

WRS is a flexible and adaptable business with an entrepreneurial spirit. Given this, we weren’t slow to respond to the demand for talent in this industry and lend our expertise to recruiting renewable energy jobs for this vital sector. We operate by establishing ourselves as a personnel supplier and workforce solutions provider for contractors involved in large scale energy projects. This has been our modus operandi in oil and gas and we adopting a similar approach for the renewables sector, with a particular focus on offshore wind projects. Let’s take a look at wind farms currently under construction that we are engaged with, and how these projects could change the future of the sector.

Hornsea 2

Hornsea 2 will leapfrog Hornsea One as the world’s largest offshore wind farm at 1.4 GW. The wind farms turbines will deliver 20% more annual output than Hornsea One using 165 Siemens Gamesa 8MW SG 8.0-167 DD turbines. Hornsea 2 is located 89km off the Yorkshire coast in the North Sea and will be able to provide renewable electricity to 1.3 million UK homes. When Hornsea 2 is operational in 2022 it will span an offshore area of 462m.

Hornsea two will generate around 2,000 jobs during construction with an additional 130 positions during its 25 years’ of operation. Click here for more information about Hornsea Two.

Dogger Bank Wind Farm

This is the world’s largest offshore wind farm under development, located 130km off the North East of England. Once complete, Dogger Bank will be able to provide renewable electricity to 4.5 million homes in the UK, which is around 5% of the UK’s electricity demand.

The construction of the wind farm will take place in three phases – Dogger Bank A, Dogger Bank B and Dogger Bank C. Each 1.2 GW phase will generate around 6 TWH of electricity once fully completed in 2026. Dogger Bank A is expected to be completed by 2023.

Able Seaton Port in Hartlepool is confirmed as the marshalling base for service equipment, installation and commissioning activities resulting in the creation of 120 new skilled jobs during the construction phase and a further 120 skilled jobs to be based offshore and at the Port of Tyne for Operations and Maintenance of the wind turbines (source DoggerBank.com). Click here for more information about Dogger Bank Wind Farm.

Kriegers Flak

Once complete, Kriegers Flak will be Denmark’s largest wind farm with a capacity to cover the annual electricity consumption of approximately 600,000 Danish households. The wind farm is located in the Baltic Sea, 15-40 kilometres off the Danish coast. The Kriegers Flak project is being developed by Swedish utility Vattenfall AB in the Baltic Sea, comprising of 72 turbines of 8.4 MW each.

Cable installation and testing is on schedule to be finished in November 2020, with turbine installation expected to start in early 2021. This puts the wind farm on schedule to be in full operation by the end of same year. Click here for more information about Kriegers Flak.

Vineyard offshore wind

Located off the coast of New York, Vineyard Offshore wind farm is the largest under development in the United States. Once complete, the wind farm will have a capacity of generating 2 gigawatts of green energy, powering one million homes in America. The project is a joint venture between Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners and Avangrid and is expected to be completed by 2023. Click here for more information about Vineyard Offshore Wind.

 

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